Ventura County Firefighters Injured by Vagrants’ Traps

Oxnard Fire Chief Darwin Base and Ventura County Fire Steve Swindle comment on important issues

By Lori Denman

Firefighters in Ventura County have left their careers due to injuries caused by traps set by a subset of homeless vagrants, explained Oxnard Fire Chief Darwin Base to Citizens Journal this month.

Who would want to hurt the citizens of Ventura County, including police and firefighters by setting intentional fires and traps? Homeless vagrants. Yet, the communities of Oxnard and Ventura are allowing low barrier shelters to be constructed within their cities that give free beds to homeless vagrants with criminal histories of dealing and using illegal drugs. These vagrants also refuse programs and services and leave drug paraphernalia behind to litter local communities.

Pipe left behind by homeless vagrants on Main St. Picture by Jim Rice

The fire departments of Oxnard and Ventura engage in endless activities aimed at improving the lives and safety of their citizens. When a car crashed off the road by Pt. Mugu rock, who was there, rescuing the driver? Who was saving a life in a car crash, caused by a drunk driver? And when a fire ran rampant through the hills by a home, who was there to bring a child to safety?

The fire departments are available 24-7, on call for these incidents and also teach safety and other informative topics to help their communities grow and thrive. Survive, so that our next generations want to call Ventura County their home.

Oxnard Fire Chief Darwin Base

City of Oxnard Fire Chief Darwin Base has over 30 years of experience in the department, following positions as fire engineer, fire captain and battalion chief. He was instated as Fire Chief in November of 2016. Steve Swindle is a full-time public information officer for the Ventura County Fire Department. Base and Swindle spoke to Citizens Journal about their departments, the local vagrant situation and how they are aiming to improve the quality of life for local residents.

“We are truly at our highest as human beings when we are serving others,” explained Swindle of his favorite quote. He has been working a total of 32 years of fire service, including 29 with Ventura County Fire and two years on the Pt. Mugu Raft with the army. He is proud to serve his local communities, following a lifelong residency in Camarillo. He will be retiring in the style he desires, working on the fire engine. Due to a strong passion for his career, he encourages others.

Steve Swindle, Public Information Officer for the Ventura County Fire Department

“I don’t know what in the world I would have done with myself as an adult worker if I did not join the fire service,” Swindle said with fond memories. “I love my career so much. It’s a continual challenge and you never really see the same thing twice. We respond to an endless amount of medical calls and there is a chance that things can go south on us. The challenge is to make sure we are doing things seamlessly and correctly. At the same time, we are helping people in the community.”

Serving and educating the community is priority number one while attending to emergencies. Important topics being tackled by the departments are fires and traps set by homeless vagrants.

Vagrants’ Actions vs. Citizens’ Safety

“We have had firefighters retire due to getting injured out in the river bottom, where the individuals who live down there try to protect their domain by setting traps,” Base told Citizens Journal.  “These days, our firefighters are more aware of it and are more cautious. But sometimes it is at night and very difficult to see them. This one particular incident that caused an injury occurred at night.”

Swindle stated, “Some of the people who live in the Santa Clara river bottom of Oxnard are very unpleasant and set booby traps. The booby traps I recall were trip wires that set off flares. I went on another call where a couple of the river bottom residents were mad at each other. One of them burned the other man’s camp out. That man then sat there and threatened police. I couldn’t believe it.”

Just on the fourth of July, the Oxnard Fire Department was dealing with three fires set by vagrants, all before noon.

“As far as the trouble with the homeless vagrants in the area of the river beds, they are constantly building illegal encampments so the problem is a never-ending issue,” Swindle said. “They live on the fringes of society and while there are many homeless who seek a home or just don’t want to live in society, there are subsets of them that are just downright criminals.”

The ongoing issues with fires set at the river bottoms by homeless vagrants is an extreme danger and problem. As a person sets the fire, sometimes the fire gets away from them due to environmental issues including wind. The fuel for the fire is a certain type of bamboo related grass – called sry dell — in the river bottom that catches fire and spreads quickly and easily. It is very thick and difficult to fight its fire because it is packed tightly and it is hard to pull hoses through it to water it down. It is quite impossible to decrease the fire capacity in the river bottom due to the sry dell that takes additional manpower to cut down and overhaul.

Limited access to the river bottom increases the degree of difficulty to fight the fire. The river bottom, overall, is not the most hospitable place to work in. Since the increase in homeless vagrancy in the river bottom, it is an ongoing issue that Swindle calls, “never-ending.”

Swindle commended Ventura City Fire Department for cleaning up the areas where the vagrants cause issues, including the promenade by California Street beach.

Low Barrier Shelter Allows Vagrant Clients

Although no one from the police or fire departments will comment on the low barrier shelters scheduled to open in Oxnard and Ventura, one could say that it might not be a good idea to give free housing to homeless vagrants, since they openly deal methamphetamine and other illegal drugs in local communities.

“We can create a section for those persons who are ‘sleeping it off.’” This is a quote by Mark Alvarado to Citizens Journal. He is the Homeless Coordinator for the City of Oxnard, who is now establishing the shelter in Oxnard. He also said, “when we are doing intake and the homeless person is drunk or high (on drugs), we are going to have to figure out how we are going to deal with them and get them into the shelter and get them services. We can’t turn people away.”

Low barrier shelters allow homeless vagrants to “sleep it off.” Would it be a wiser idea to make the shelter “high barrier,” allowing the mere 55 beds to be filled by those who do not commit crimes – like setting dangerous traps that cause injuries in public spaces?

On the day of his interview with Citizens Journal on July 16, Base had just met with Oxnard City Manager Alexander Nguyen and said that one of the topics of discussion was the homeless vagrant situation. Base believes it to be an important topic to be tackled since it drains their services, along with that of the police departments of Ventura County.

This fact was also explained in a previous Citizens Journal story, “The Breakdown of Morality.” The interview was with Sergeant Rocky Marquez with the Oxnard Police Department, who said, “Ultimately, we do not have enough manpower to deal with the vagrancy issues,” he explained. “There are a lot of calls that our patrol services handle that is related to the homeless, so it would help to have more Homeless Liaison Officers to address those problems at the roots,” he added.

Officers recovering a stolen trailer at the east side of Halaco’s former smelter site (10/19/2017)

“A lot of the homeless encampments will have open fires which catch onto the open vegetation, so we just had a fire down on the beach today,” Base said. “The homeless vagrants who caused problems used to live in Halaco, but since they moved out of there, they are spread everywhere.”

Oxnard and Ventura fire departments work together on emergency calls in both cities. They work “hand in hand,” as described by Base. They do not want to have jurisdictional boundaries, so issues can be dealt with swiftly, quickly and successfully. Depending upon where the fire originates from, for example, then one department sends resources to the other. Oxnard Fire cares for their city and goes to Ventura County or City on call.

Besides the problems with fires and vagrants, there is another aspect of service and safety needed in Ventura County – lifeguards. Base said the absence of lifeguards is due to high costs. It does not make much sense – there are no lifeguards on the beaches of Oxnard in the winter, when the waves grow larger.  

“We have criteria in which we will hire overtime and put firefighters on the beach,” Base explained. “This unit is called the Beach Safety Patrol. It is low level but it is essentially a couple firefighters who are USLA — Lifeguard Association qualified – and make contact with beachgoers regarding safety matters.”

Overcoming Challenges

Base said, “We are going from a BLS (Basic Life Support) Agency to now having paramedics.” Base sees this as “gap coverage,” because the south end of Oxnard does not receive the best services, regarding coverage.

“Sometimes there are delays,” he continued. “We are actually working as a private/public partnership so to speak, so we are going to help out on those delays.

“My intent too, as we discuss the homeless, is to create a community paramedic team,” Base explained. “So we could have a social service member, a paramedic from the fire department, and perhaps someone from law enforcement to go out and make contact with these individuals. They could direct them to help with medical assistance and teach the person about available special programs or assistance.”

By creating this team with a paramedic, Base believes it would help the homeless community attain better health and wellness while addressing emergency issues.

Aside from the crimes being committed by vagrants in the river bottom, the Ventura and Oxnard Police Departments receive calls for crimes regarding homeless vagrants setting fires or engaging in other disturbances towards businesses. These accounts were explained by Citizens Journal in the story, “A Town Turned Upside Down.” The fire departments respond to calls of a certain nature, which usually follow in after the police.

“There are fires set by homeless vagrants and we receive calls after the event occurs, on the reactive side, when they have already started a fire or if something happened,” Base said. “Or it could be that two of them get into a fight and someone gets hurt.

For intentionally set fires, the departments have Fire Cause Investigators or Arson Investigators who team up with law enforcement to find and arrest perpetrators.

How Local Communities Can Help

There are many ways the citizens of Ventura County can assist their local firefighters – before, during and after emergencies.

“If we could get people to try to not call 911 for non-emergencies, that would help us use our resources more appropriately,” Base said. “There is another mechanism out there for them to reach out to the fire department if they need some assistance, especially if it is not a 911 type of call. That would be great.”

The abundance of 911 calls made by Ventura County residents does, jokingly, include the occasional “cat in the tree,” Base joked. “Sometimes the cat doesn’t come down and we do respond with help because that is a public service.”

The fire department is under budgetary constraints and Base said, “I could always use more personnel. I’d like to have four firefighters on an, as opposed to three. And that is for operation. If I had that, then we could put less equipment on the road, since that extra person would be on site.”

More personnel are needed because the city of Oxnard is growing with an increase of construction and population. As far as law enforcement and fire employees, Base is unsure if they can handle this increase of calls.

One more very helpful phrase of advice was touted by Base – “Lights and sirens, pull to the right.” The meaning is literal. If at all possible, do not stop your car in the middle of the road, pull over to the side when an emergency vehicle is approaching.

“It’s funny, we reached out and met with the City Manager and spoke about our image and how the community may perceive us,” Base said. “A lot of our residents still might have this idea that firefighters are just sitting around playing cards or dominoes and waiting for a call to happen. This is just not the case.”

Stopping by a local fire station is encouraged for all members of the community, in order to get educated and involved. All ages are able to learn and engage with the department and its staff. There are Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT) that the public may join (contact [email protected] ). Base said that it helps for everyone to be prepared for the next emergency, which could be a fire or earthquake. Disaster and emergency preparedness will be our next article featured on

Lori Denman has been a professional journalist since 1996. She has worked as associate editor for the Los Angeles Daily News TODAY Magazines and has freelanced for LA Weekly, and more. She is now the Ventura reporter for Citizens Journal.

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